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有关虚拟语气的使用方法

发布于 2018-05-08 17:48

近期很多家长询问我们掌门一对一怎么样这个问题,掌门一对一是一家比较知名的英语培训机构,今天通过有关虚拟语气的使用方法来为大家解答下掌门一对一怎么样:

  虚构语气用在would rather,would(just)as soon,would sooner,would prefer(心愿)等后接的宾语从句中。意指某人宁愿让另一集体做某事,其后的宾语从句的谓语动词需用虚构语气。若示意如今或未来要做某事,从句谓语动词需用普通过来时,示意过来曾经做的事,从句谓语动词用过来实现时。

  (1)The manager would rather his daughter did not work in the same office.经理宁愿她女儿不与他在同一间办公室工作。

  (2)To be frank,I'd rather you were not involved in the case.坦白地说,我心愿你不要卷入这件事。

  (3)You don't have to be in such a hurry.I would rather you went on business first.你没有必要这么焦急,我宁愿你先去下班。

  (4)I'd rather you didn't make any comment on the issue for the time being.我倒心愿你临时先不要就此事宣布意见。

  (5)Frankly speaking ,I'd rather you didn't do anything about it for the time being.坦率地说,我宁愿你如今对此事什么也不要做。

  (6)Wouldn't you rather your child went to bed early?为什么你不愿让你的孩子早点上床呢?

  注:①若某人愿本人做某事, would rather后用动词原形

  I would rather stay at home today.

  ② would rather...than...中用动词原形

  I would rather stay at home than go out today.

  (7)I would just as soon you had returned the book yesterday.我真心愿你昨天把这本书还了。

  1.虚构语气用在It is +描述词+that的主语从句中。

  在某些示意欲望、倡议、申请、命令等描述词后的主语从句中,需用虚构语气。其表白方式为should +动词原形或省略should间接用动词原形。这类描述词有 advisable(正当的),appropriate(适当的),compulsory(必需的),crucial(紧急的),desirable(理想的),essential(必要的),imperative(迫切的),important(重要的),incredible(惊人的),natural(天然的),necessary(必要的),possible(可能的),preferable(更好的), probable(可能的),strange(奇怪的),urgent(紧迫的), vital(极为重要的)。

  (1)It is essential that these application forms be sent back as early as possible.这些请求表应尽早地寄回,这是很重要的。

  (2)It is vital that enough money be collected to fund the project.重要的是募集足够的钱,为这个名目提供资金。

  注:在上述所列描述词前面用that引出的宾语从句中,谓语动词也要用虚构语气。

  (3)I don't think it advisable that Tom be assigned to the job since he has no experience.汤姆缺乏经历,指派他做这项工作我以为是不失当的。

  2.虚构语气用在It is +过来分词+that的主语从句中

  在It is +过来分词+that的主语从句中,罕用虚构语气,示意欲望、倡议、申请等客观动向,谓语用 should +动词原形或省略should只用动词原形。这类过来分词有:decided,demanded,desired,insisted,ordered,proposed,suggested,recommended,requested, required等。It is desired that we(should)get everything ready this evening.心愿咱们今晚所有都预备就绪。

  3.虚构语气用在It is +名词+that的主语从句中

  在It is +名词+that的主语从句中,罕用虚构语气,示意倡议、命令、申请、赔罪、怀疑、惊奇等。这类名词

  有:advice ,decision ,desire ,demand ,idea,motion ,

  order,pity ,preference ,proposal,recommendation ,

  requirement,resolution,shame,suggestion,surprise, wish,wonder等。

  It is my proposal that he be sent to study further abroad.我倡议派他去国外进一步学习。

  4.虚构语气用在表语从句或同位语从句中。

  当某些示意倡议、申请、命令等客观动向的名词作主语时,其后的表语从句或同位语从句需用虚构语气,其表白方式为should +动词原形或间接用动词原形。这类名词常见的有:advice,suggestion,proposal,order, demand,desire,request,requirement,recommendation以及plan,idea,resolution等。

  We are all for your proposal that the discussion be put off.咱们都赞成你提出的将探讨延期的倡议。

  The suggestion that the mayor present the prizes was accepted by everyone.由市长颁发奖金的倡议被每集体承受。

  5.虚构语气用在It is(about /high)time +that定语从句中

  在It is(about/high)time +that定语从句中需用虚构语气,示意“该做……的时分了”,其动词方式用普通过来时或should +动词原形。

  It's already 5 o'clock now.Don't you think it's about time we went home?如今曾经5点钟了,你不以为咱们应该回家了吗?

  注:①在this is the first time /second time that...句型中,从句中谓语动词用陈说语气实现时态。例如:

  Is this the first time that you have visited Hongkong?这是你第一次参观香港吗?

  ②It's time to do something有别于It's timethat...

  6.虚构语气用在as if(as though)疏导的形式状语从句中。

  在as if(as though)疏导的形式状语从句中,罕用虚构语气,其动词方式与wish后接宾语从句中的方式相反。

  Alan talked about Rome as if he were a Roman.艾伦谈起罗马来如同他是个罗马人一样。

  7.虚构语气用在lest,for fear that及in case疏导的目的状语从句中。

  在由lest等疏导的目的状语从句中需用虚构语气,示意“以防,以免”等意思,其谓语动词多由should +动词原形形成,should也可省略。

  He was punished lest he should make the same mistake again.他被处以惩罚以免他再犯。

  8.虚构语气的其余用法

  在示意客气、遗憾以及祝福等场所中,应用虚构语气。

  You shouldn't have been following him so closely; you should have kept your distance.你不应该不断这样紧紧地跟着他,而该和他放弃肯定的间隔。

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's fictional tone is used in the object clause after would rather, would (just) as soon, would sooner, would prefer (wish) and so on. It means that someone would prefer to do something in another group, and the predicate verb of the following object clause needs to use a fictional tone. If we want to do something today or in the future, we need to use the common verb to introduce the past clause when we use the clause predicate verb.

(1) The manager would rather his daughter did not work in the manager would rather her daughter do not work in the same office with him.

(2) To be frank, I' d rather you were not involved in, frankly speaking, I wish you would not be involved in this matter.

(3) You don' t have to be in such a hurry.I, and you don't have to be so anxious. I'd rather you go to work first.

(4) I' d rather you didn' t make any comment on the.

(5) Frankly speaking, I' d rather you didn' t do anything, t, "I" would rather do nothing about it.

(6) Wouldn' t you rather your child; went to bed early? Why can't you let your children go to bed early?

note: if someone I would like to do sth, would rather

I would rather with verbs stay at home today.

would rather... Than...

I with verbs would rather stay at home than go out today.

(7) I would just as soon you had returned the book yesterday. I really wish you had returned the book yesterday. The

1. fictional tone is used in the main clause of the It is + description word +that. The

needs to use a fictional tone in the subject clause of some description words, such as desire, initiative, application, and command. The form of its representation is should + verb or ellipsis of the original form of should. These adjectives are advisable (legitimate), appropriate (appropriate), compulsory (required), crucial (emergency), desirable (ideal), essential (necessary), imperative (urgent), important (important), incredible (Amazing), natural (NATURAL) necessary, (necessary), possible (possible), preferable (better), probable (possible), strange (strange), urgent (urgent), vital (very important).

(1) It is essential that these application forms be sent back, sent, the request form should be sent back as early as possible, which is very important.

(2) It is vital that enough money be collected to fund the is important to raise enough money to provide funds for this name.

note: the predicate verb is also fictitious in the object clause of the that in front of the described words listed above.

(3) I don' t think it advisable that Tom be assigned be, Tom, the lack of experience, appoint him to do this work, I think it is not inappropriate.

2. tone with

clauses in the fictional It is + +that It in the over segmentation of is + over +that clause, use fictitious tone, of desire, initiative, for the objective trend, with should + predicate verbs or verb ellipsis should only. These kinds of participle are: decided, demanded, desired, insisted, ordered, proposed, suggested, recommended, requested, required and so on. It is desired that we (should) get everything ready this evening. wish we are ready for tonight. The 3. tone in fictional clauses It is +that in

+ noun + Noun Clauses in the It is +that in

, for the fictional sketch tone, initiative, command, application, make amends, doubt and surprise. This kind of noun

: advice, decision, desire, demand, idea, motion,

, order, pity, preference, proposal, recommendation,

, requirement, resolution, shame, suggestion, surprise, wish, wonder etc..

It is my proposal that he be sent to study further I proposed to send him to go abroad for further study.

4. fictional tone used in predicative clause or appositive clause in.

noun when some schematic initiatives, application order objective trends as the subject, the predicative clause or appositive clauses with fictional tone, express way for should + verbs or indirect verbs. Common nouns are advice, suggestion, proposal, order, demand, desire, request, requirement, recommendation, plan, idea, and so on.

We are all for your proposal that the discussion be put we all agree with your proposal to discuss the delay.

The suggestion that the mayor present the prizes was accepted by, the initiative issued by the mayor by the mayor is accepted by each group.

5., the fictional mood is used in It is (about /high) time +that attributive clause.

needs to use fictitious tone in It is (about/high) It attributive clause, indicating "do it". "Time", the verb way of using ordinary times or should + verb original.

It' s already 5 o' clock now.Don' t you; think it' s about time we went home? Is now 5 o'clock, don't you think we should go home?

in this is the note: first time /second time that... Sentence, clause predicate verb tense Chen tone realization. For example:

Is this the first time that you have visited Hongkong? Is this your first visit to Hongkong?

It' s time to do; something is different from It' s; timethat...

6. tone used in as if Fiction (as though) in the form of adverbial clauses in counseling.

as if (as though) in the form of adverbial clauses in counseling, use fictitious tone, then the opposite way in the object clause and its verb wish.

Alan talked about Rome as if he were a Roman. Alan talks about Rome as he is a Romans. The

7. fictional tone is used in the adverbial clause of the purpose of lest, for fear that and in case.

in the adverbial clause of adverbial clause which is dredging by lest and so on, needs to use the fictional tone to indicate the meaning of "prevent or avoid". Its predicate verb is mostly formed by should + verb prototype, and should can also be omitted.

He was punished lest he should make the same mistake again. he was punished to prevent him from making any more offense.

8. the rest of the use of the fictional tone

uses the fictional tone in the place of signalling politeness, regrets, and blessings.

You shouldn' t have been following him so closely; you, closely, and you should not keep following him so closely, and give up the affirmative interval with him.

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