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英语语法:什么是独立主格结构

发布于 2018-05-23 18:18

近期很多家长询问我们掌门一对一怎么样这个问题,掌门一对一是一家比较知名的英语培训机构,今天通过英语语法:什么是独立主格结构来为大家解答下掌门一对一怎么样:

  独立主格构造是一个名词或代词(作为逻辑主语),加上一个描述词、副词、介 词短语、分词、不定式等在句中作状语。

  1.独立主格构造的特点

  (1)主格构造必需有两个分句,普通用逗号与主句离开,但与主句之间不能使 用任何衔接词。

  (2)后两分句的主语分歧时,独立主格局部省去主语。

  (3)后两分句的主语不分歧时,那么两个主语都要保存。如:

  He came in the room,his clog followed him.

  (4)主格局部的举措假如是自动的,那么就要用动名词,假如是被动的用过来 分詞。如:

  He coming in the room,his clog followed him.

  He came in the room,followed by his dog.

  他进屋时,他的狗紧随其后。

  (5)工夫差的独立主格构造中,自动方式只能用having+过来分词,被动方式只能用having been +过来分词。如:

  Having watered the vegetables,the farmer took a short rest.

  给蔬菜浇完水,这位农民劳动了一会。

  Having been given such a good chance,how could she give it up?

  既然失去这样一个好机会,她怎样可能保持呢?

  (6)主格构造的否认方式,not—定要放在having之前。如:

  (Not) Having dressed myself,I went to the office.

  我(没)穿好衣服就去了办公室。

  (7)工夫差的独立主格构造中,having后面相对不能呈现before或after,它们 不能同时呈现。

  比拟:

  Having dressed myself, I went to the office.

  Before/ After having dressed myself,I went to the office.

  我穿好衣服前(后)就去了办公室。

  Before/ After dressing myself I went to the office. = Having been dressed,I went to the office.

  2.独立主格构造的用法它示意谓语动词发作的工夫、缘由、条件或随同状况 等,相当于一个状语从句或并列句。

  (1)作工夫状语

  The work done ( = After the work had been done),we went home.

  工作实现后,咱们才回家。

  (2)作条件状语

  Weather permitting ( = If weather permits) they will go on an outing to the beach tomorrow.

  假如天气容许的话,他们将在今天组织一次海滨小游。

  Given her age,she really did a good job in such a short time.

  思考到她的年龄,cxv82hje在如此短的工夫内她的确做得不错。

  (3)作缘由状语

  An important lecture to be given tomorrow ( = As an important lecture will be given tomorrow),the professor has to stay up late into the night.

  由于今天要宣布一个重要的演讲,传授不得不熬夜到很晚。

  (4)作随同状语

  He was lying on the grass,his hands crossed under his head( = and his hands were crossed under his head).

  他躺在草地上,两手穿插枕在脑后。

  (5)表补充阐明

  A hunter came in,his face red with cold ( = and his face was red with cold).

  一个猎人走了出去,他的脸冻得通红。

  【注】独立主格构造示意工夫、条件或缘由时,相当于一个状语从句,普通放在句首,示意缘由时还可放在句末;表随同情况或补充阐明时,相当于一个并列句, 通常放于句末。

independent nominative structure is a noun or pronoun (as logical subject), plus a description of words, adverbs, prepositional phrases, infinitive, participle as adverbial in the sentence. The characteristics of

1. independent nominative structure (1) the nominative structure must have two clauses, the ordinary comma and the main clause and leave, but can not use any conjunctions between.

(2) after two differences subject sentence, absolute local subject omitted. When the subject of

(3) is not pided, the two subject must be preserved. Such as:

He came in the room, his clog followed him.

(4). Local initiatives if it is automatic, so it is necessary to use a gerund, if it is over with passive participle. For example,

He coming in the room, his clog followed him.

He, and the right dog follows him.

(5) absolute structure time difference, automatic mode can only use having+ over segmentation, the passive mode can only use having + been over segmentation. For example:

Having watered the vegetables, the farmer took a short rest.

to the vegetables poured out of the water, the farmer worked for a while. How can

Having been given such a good chance, how could she, how?

(6) not& structure; nominative denials, mdash must be put before having. Such as:

(Not) Having dressed myself, I went to the office.

I (no) wear clothes and go to the office.

(7) absolute structure time difference, having cannot be before or after behind relatively, they do not appear at the same time.

analogy:

Having dressed myself, I went to the office.

Before/, office.

, and I went to the office before I finished wearing clothes.

Before/ After dressing myself I went to the office. been I went = Having dressed, to the office.

2. uses the nominative absolute structure of its predicate verb attack time, cause, condition or with status, the equivalent of a clause or a compound sentence.

(1) is used as adverbial

The work done (= After the work had been done). After the implementation of the operation, we went home.

(2) is a conditional adverbial

Weather permitting (= If weather permits) they will go on, and it will be a small seaside tour if weather permits.

Given her age, she really did a good job in job, she thought about her age, and in such a short time, she did a good job.

(3)

An important lecture as adverbial of reason to be given tomorrow (As an important lecture will = be given tomorrow), the professor has to stay up late into the night.

today announced that due to an important lecture, teach may not stay up late.

(4) is the same adverbial

He was lying on the grass, his hands crossed, and the his is on the grass. The

(5) table complements the

A hunter came in, his face red with cold (= = the with, and the hunters go out, and his face is red with cold.

[note] the nominative absolute structure of time, condition or reason, equivalent to an ordinary adverbial clause on the sentence, of reason can also be placed at the end of the sentence; with the table or supplement to clarify, the equivalent of a compound sentence, usually placed on the end of the sentence.

不知道大家看完英语语法:什么是独立主格结构后会不会对掌门一对一怎么样有了更好的了解,如果有什么好的意见或者看法欢迎给我们留言参与我们的讨论