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”被动语态“那些你不知道的事

发布于 2018-05-24 12:14

近期很多家长询问我们掌门一对一怎么样这个问题,掌门一对一是一家比较知名的英语培训机构,今天通过”被动语态“那些你不知道的事来为大家解答下掌门一对一怎么样:

  A.熟记构造

  被动语态的构造为“助动词be+及物动词的过来分词(p.p)”。被动语态的不同时态是经过be的时态变动来示意的,其人称和数方面应与主语放弃分歧。其详细变动为:

  普通如今时:am/is/are+p.p.

  普通过来时:was/were+p.p.

  普通未来时:shall /will be +p.p.

  如今实现时:have /has been +p.p.

  如今进行时:am/is/are+being+p.p.

  过来未来时:should /would be +p.p.

  含神态动词的被动构造:神态动词+be+p.p.

  被动语态罕用于以下两种状况:

  1.不晓得谁是举措的执行者,或许没有必要指出谁是举措的执行者;

  2.强调举措的接受者。例如:

  B.纯熟转换

  1.将自动语态变被动语态的根本办法为:

  ①将自动语态的宾语作被动语态的主语;

  ②谓语动词变为“be+及物动词的过来分词”,并经过be的变动来表白出不同的时态;

  ③自动语态的主语变为介词by的宾语,组成介词短语放在被动构造中的谓语动词之后。(有时by短语能够省略)。

  2.被动语态的普通疑难句是将一个助动词置于主语之前;否认句是在第一个助动词后加not;非凡疑难句的语序为:疑难词+普通疑难句。例如:

  Where did they grow vegetables?(改为被动语态)

  Where were vegetables grown ?

  将自动语态变被动语态应留意几个非凡状况:

  1.含双宾语的自动构造变为被动构造时,有两种办法:

  ①将直接宾语变为主语,间接宾语放弃不变;

  ②将间接宾语变为主语,直接宾语用介词to或for疏导。

  2.短语动词的被动语态:在变为被动语态时,要将短语动词视为一个全体,其后的介词或副词不能省去。

  3.含有复合宾语的自动构造变被动构造时,通常将宾语变为被动句的主语,而宾语补足语就成为主语补足语。留意:省略to的不定式作宾补时,不定式符号to必需补上。

  4.不定式的被动构造:动词不定式的被动语态为“to be +过来分词”。

  5.以疑难代词扫尾的疑难句转换成被动句时要留意词序:应将自动句中的疑难代词改为介词by的宾语,但依然放在句子扫尾。例如:

  C.留意区别

  被动语态和过来分词作表语的区别:

  1)含意不同:被动语态强调举措,重点阐明举措由谁实现、怎么实现;而过来分词作表语通罕用来刻画情形,叙说人或事物的特色及所处的形态。试比拟:

  2)用法不同:过来分词作表语时能够被 so,very,too等水平副词润饰,而被动语态则不能用so,very,too润饰,而需用much,very much,so much,too much润饰。试比拟:

  D.牢记(相干)句型

  初中教材中与被动语态相干的句型有:

  1.be covered with被……笼罩

  2.be made of由……制造(发作物理变动)

  be made from由……制造(发作化学变动)

  be made in由(某地)制作

  be made by被(某人)制作

  3.be used for被用来……

  be used as被当作(作为)……来应用

  be used to do sth.被用来做某事

  4.It is said that...听说……

  It is hoped that...心愿……

  It is well known that...家喻户晓…

A. memorized the construction of the passive voice of

as "auxiliary verb be+ transitive verb (P.P)". The different tenses of the passive voice are signaled by the changes in the tense of be, and the differences in the person's name and number should be given up with the subject. With the change of general

now: am/is/are+p.p.

common over: was/were+p.p.

common future: shall +p.p.

now /will be have /has been +p.p.

implementation: Now: am/is/are+being+p.p.

to the future: should /would be +p.p.

passive structure containing modal verbs: modal verbs +be+p.p.

passive Abraham for the following two conditions

1.: who is the action executor, who is probably not necessary to point out that the implementation of measures;

2. recipients of stressed initiatives. For example:

B.

1. will automatically convert skillful voice fundamental way to passive voice is:

as passive subjects of automatic voice object;

the verb into "be+ transitive verbs over segmentation", and after the be change to express different tenses;

automatic voice subject to the preposition by object, after the composition of prepositional phrases in the passive structure of the predicate verb. (sometimes by phrases can be omitted).

2., the common difficult sentence in passive voice is to place an auxiliary verb before the subject. The denial sentence is added to not after the first auxiliary verb; the word order of the difficult sentences is: difficult words + ordinary difficult sentences. For example:

Where did they grow vegetables? (into the passive voice)

Where were vegetables grown?

will automatically change the passive voice should pay attention to several special status: automatic construction of

1. containing two objects into the passive structure, there are two ways:

the direct object into subject, indirect object give up the

invariant; indirect object into subject, direct object preposition to or for counseling.

2., the passive voice of phrasal verbs. When changing into passive voice, we should regard phrasal verbs as a whole, and the following prepositions or adverbs can not be omitted.

3., when the automatic construction of compound object is changed into passive construction, it usually changes the object into the subject of the passive sentence, and the object complement is the subject complement. Note: when the infinitive of to is omitted as a guest complement, the infinitive symbol to must be added. The passive construction of the

4. infinitive: the passive voice of the verb infinitive is "to be + the participle".

5. to mop up the pronoun difficult difficult sentence into the passive sentence should pay attention to word order should be difficult to automatic sentence pronouns prepositions by object, but still put in the sentence. For example: the difference between

C.

note that the difference over the passive voice and participles as predicative:

) 1 different implications: passive voice emphasizes initiatives, focusing on how to achieve the implementation of initiatives by the who, and come; commonly used participles as predicative to describe the situation, person or thing narrative features and the form in which the. Test match:

2): over different usage of participles as predicative can be so, very, too level adverb retouching, passive voice is not so, very, too and much with very, polish, much, so much, too much and polish. Try to compare:

D. remember (coherent) sentence pattern

, junior middle school teaching material and passive voice related sentence patterns are:

1.be covered with is... Cover

2.be made of by... Manufacturing (physical change of the attack)

be made from by... Manufacturing (attack chemical changes)

be made in made by (somewhere) making

be made by to be made by (someone) making

3.be used for is used...

be used as is treated as (as)... To apply

be used to do sth. to be used to do something

4.It is said that... Hear...

It is hoped that... Wish...

It is well known that... Well known...

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