普通未来时：shall /will be +p.p.
如今实现时：have /has been +p.p.
过来未来时：should /would be +p.p.
Where did they grow vegetables?(改为被动语态)
Where were vegetables grown ?
4.不定式的被动构造：动词不定式的被动语态为“to be +过来分词”。
2)用法不同：过来分词作表语时能够被 so，very，too等水平副词润饰，而被动语态则不能用so，very，too润饰，而需用much，very much，so much，too much润饰。试比拟：
1.be covered with被……笼罩
2.be made of由……制造(发作物理变动)
be made from由……制造(发作化学变动)
be made in由(某地)制作
be made by被(某人)制作
3.be used for被用来……
be used as被当作(作为)……来应用
be used to do sth.被用来做某事
4.It is said that...听说……
It is hoped that...心愿……
It is well known that...家喻户晓…
A. memorized the construction of the passive voice of
as "auxiliary verb be+ transitive verb (P.P)". The different tenses of the passive voice are signaled by the changes in the tense of be, and the differences in the person's name and number should be given up with the subject. With the change of general
common over: was/were+p.p.
common future: shall +p.p.
now /will be have /has been +p.p.
implementation: Now: am/is/are+being+p.p.
to the future: should /would be +p.p.
passive structure containing modal verbs: modal verbs +be+p.p.
passive Abraham for the following two conditions
1.: who is the action executor, who is probably not necessary to point out that the implementation of measures;
2. recipients of stressed initiatives. For example:
1. will automatically convert skillful voice fundamental way to passive voice is:
as passive subjects of automatic voice object;
the verb into "be+ transitive verbs over segmentation", and after the be change to express different tenses;
automatic voice subject to the preposition by object, after the composition of prepositional phrases in the passive structure of the predicate verb. (sometimes by phrases can be omitted).
2., the common difficult sentence in passive voice is to place an auxiliary verb before the subject. The denial sentence is added to not after the first auxiliary verb; the word order of the difficult sentences is: difficult words + ordinary difficult sentences. For example:
Where did they grow vegetables? (into the passive voice)
Where were vegetables grown?
will automatically change the passive voice should pay attention to several special status: automatic construction of
1. containing two objects into the passive structure, there are two ways:
the direct object into subject, indirect object give up the
invariant; indirect object into subject, direct object preposition to or for counseling.
2., the passive voice of phrasal verbs. When changing into passive voice, we should regard phrasal verbs as a whole, and the following prepositions or adverbs can not be omitted.
3., when the automatic construction of compound object is changed into passive construction, it usually changes the object into the subject of the passive sentence, and the object complement is the subject complement. Note: when the infinitive of to is omitted as a guest complement, the infinitive symbol to must be added. The passive construction of the
4. infinitive: the passive voice of the verb infinitive is "to be + the participle".
5. to mop up the pronoun difficult difficult sentence into the passive sentence should pay attention to word order should be difficult to automatic sentence pronouns prepositions by object, but still put in the sentence. For example: the difference between
note that the difference over the passive voice and participles as predicative:
) 1 different implications: passive voice emphasizes initiatives, focusing on how to achieve the implementation of initiatives by the who, and come; commonly used participles as predicative to describe the situation, person or thing narrative features and the form in which the. Test match:
2): over different usage of participles as predicative can be so, very, too level adverb retouching, passive voice is not so, very, too and much with very, polish, much, so much, too much and polish. Try to compare:
D. remember (coherent) sentence pattern
, junior middle school teaching material and passive voice related sentence patterns are:
1.be covered with is... Cover
2.be made of by... Manufacturing (physical change of the attack)
be made from by... Manufacturing (attack chemical changes)
be made in made by (somewhere) making
be made by to be made by (someone) making
3.be used for is used...
be used as is treated as (as)... To apply
be used to do sth. to be used to do something
4.It is said that... Hear...
It is hoped that... Wish...
It is well known that... Well known...